Design house earthquake-resistant bamboo

Bamboo is a renewable building materials and widely available in Indonesia. From about 1250 species of bamboo in the world, 140 species or 11% of them are native to Indonesia. Home earthquake kit┬áin Indonesia have long been using bamboo for building houses, furniture, farm tools, crafts, musical instruments, and food. However, bamboo has not been a development priority and is still seen as a “material belonging to the poor perishable”.

Bamboo has the power to with steel.
Due to the high flexibility and strength, bamboo structure is also an earthquake-resistant buildings.
In principle, earthquake-resistant bamboo houses should be made to the following provisions:
  1. Using bamboo is old, has been preserved and in the dry state,
  2. Bamboo houses built on land that is flat (solid)
  3. The foundation and the sloop (sloop diangker to the foundation at every distance of 50-100 cm) around the house plan,
  4. The lower end of the bamboo columns entrance to the foundation, diangker and the inside of the lower end of the column is filled with reinforcement and mortar),
  5. Elements associated with the sloop wall or column must diangker in some places,
  6. At the top end of the columns are surrounding the ring beam building plans, wall elements should also be in the armature with the ring beam,
  7. If there is a wall openings such as winds, windows and doors, should be given a reinforcement in the opening round,
  8. At each meeting of the walls with the other wall section, there must be a column and the column diangker wall,
  9. Roof frame (horses) can be constructed with simple supported (joint-roller), in which each holder roof frame should be put in place, and need diangker with columns,
  10. Bonds wind on the roof should be installed in every inter horses. Wind bond is mounted on the roof slope field under the roof covering, and on a vertical plane between the two horses.
Excess use of bamboo as a building material:
  1. Bamboo is known as a building material that can be updated
  2. No need to use skilled manpower,
  3. Simply using simple tools are easy to get around us,
  4. Quite comfortable living in a bamboo house,
  5. Very short construction period,
  6. Cheap construction costs.
In addition to the above advantages, bamboo buildings are drawbacks include:
  • Yet the loss of connotations in society that bamboo is known as the building material of the poor,
  • Almost no credit facilities from banks, due to lack of belief in the banks,
  • There are no national standards bamboo house.
The durability of bamboo building materials are a combination of preservation and design of the building itself. Pickling protects bamboo buildings of the biological enemy ground beetles, termites and fungi. While bamboo design must also be friendly with bamboo and bamboo is able to protect from moisture, rain and the sun’s heat that can damage the bamboo physical.

Some species of bamboo are often used for bamboo buildings are:

  1. Bamboo chatting / sewer. diameter that can reach more than 20 cm. It can grow to over 25 meters. Bamboo is widely used for chatting or columns supporting the building. Also frequently on the need to batten / rafter construction. Bamboo chatting most common there are two types of green chatting and chatting black.
  2. Black bamboo or bamboo wulung. Many grown in Java and Sumatra. dimeter can reach up to 14 cm and a height of over 20 meters. Widely used as a building material and bamboo furniture because it is relatively more resistant to pests.
  3. Lear bamboo or rope. widely used as a component of the roof and walls of the building. The diameter of between 4 to 10 cm. Also very suitable for furniture and crafts.

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